Is it a dance of dying? A fantasy to develop into another person? The solo that ends Claire Denis’s movie “Beau Travail” spotlights the repressed, tightly wound Sergeant Galoup in methods we now have by no means seen him earlier than: free, relaxed, carefree.
His dance twists issues up: Who’s this Galoup? At this level within the movie, a couple of group of French International Legion troopers, Galoup has been dismissed from army service — and simply moments in the past he didn’t appear to be dealing effectively. He was mendacity on his neatly made mattress with a gun in his hand because the digicam panned over his tattoo: “Serve the good cause and die.”
Whereas Galoup’s solo is the movie’s most blatant dance second, a singular choreographic consciousness runs all through “Beau Travail” (1999), not too long ago restored by the Criterion Assortment. All through the film, loosely modeled on Melville’s “Billy Budd,” our bodies, greater than phrases, inform the story.
Galoup’s downfall is introduced on by his jealousy and obsession with and a good looking younger man in his unit; his suicide appears imminent. However within the dance, Galoup, performed by Denis Lavant, transforms into a brand new physique, one overflowing with life. As louche as Serge Gainsbourg however with the daredevil precision of Mikhail Baryshnikov, Mr. Lavant makes use of his primal, low-to-the-ground physicality as a method to launch Galoup’s pent-up feelings, which seep out of his pores and skin by motion.
The dance begins on his mattress with a close-up of his pulsing biceps and the faint, opening beat of Corona’s “The Rhythm of the Night”; a second later, he’s transported to a nightclub. With one arm stretched up the aspect of a mirror twinkling with magenta lights, he takes a drag on his cigarette and edges his manner towards the middle of the dance ground the place he walks in small round steps as if marking his territory.
He spins instantly and kneels, taking his time. He sways his arms and spins once more, however this time in the air. His limbs loosen in gangly, euphoric freedom. Even after a short interruption by credit, Mr. Lavant returns to spring up like a fish coming out of the ocean earlier than crashing to the ground with a splash after which rebounding.
For practically 90 minutes within the movie, Galoup’s physique has been mounted and exhausting. Who is that this untamed particular person, seemingly drunk on life, we see within the dance? Mr. Lavant, in a Criterion interview, stated he considered his dancing self as “a projection of who Galoup might wish to be.”
The choice to put the sequence on the finish of the movie got here in the course of the enhancing course of. “In the script, it was because he was leaving for good,” Ms. Denis stated in one other interview. “He wanted to go to the bar for the last time. He starts dancing like the last dance of his life.”
Mr. Lavant informed Criterion that he improvised the dance, which was shot in solely two takes. (His rolling-off-the-floor exit got here within the second take, “Just to get off camera quickly!,” he stated.) However this prolonged solo wasn’t his solely dancing second within the movie; what made the position enjoyable for him, he stated, was the way in which he used his physicality to shift from realism to fantasy.
“We see Galoup walking at night among the barracks, and I’d take a little step or something,” he stated, including that it was “almost like dancing. That wasn’t in character.”
Mr. Lavant, who skilled within the circus, is a pure mover: Bear in mind his sprinting dance in Leos Carax’s “Mauvais Sang,” through which he runs to David Bowie’s “Modern Love”? (Frances Ha enjoys a splash down the road to the identical track, too.) In “Beau Travail,” he isn’t alone. The actors taking part in legionnaires embrace the movie’s choreographer, Bernardo Montet, in addition to a boxer, an opera singer and dancers. In an e-mail interview, Mr. Montet stated his job was to “release the poetic power” of their our bodies.
“With the dancer, as with the legionnaire, there is this idea of sacrifice,” he added. “Also this relation with the death: For one, it’s real and for the other one, it’s symbolic.”
Neither, in different phrases, belongs in abnormal society. Mr. Montet sees the dancer in Galoup as a shaman who has “nothing to do with the show world, dance as an entertainment.”
The choreography of the group is as vital because the panorama — Djibouti, in East Africa — which frames the boys with the turquoise blue of the ocean, the azure sky and the dusty earth. Navy drills through which the boys climb over partitions or crawl beneath wires flash by with pace and effectivity; however even these moments of motion — seemingly on a regular basis or pedestrian — may be deceiving, altering which means the longer we watch. In a single second, the boys stretch on the bottom, one leg ahead and the opposite bent behind — it’s as simple to see them as dancers limbering up as troopers in coaching. However once they recline all the way in which with their arms raised overhead, the picture takes a tragic flip; their our bodies, limp and sprawled out, are lifeless.
There’s a purposeful double-sidedness, as if what’s residing inside their muscular prowess is as unpredictable as Galoup’s nightclub dance. In a single placing scene, dry grass blows within the wind and silhouettes give method to precise males, standing naked chested with their arms raised and eyes closed. They’re nonetheless because the breeze strikes them; they meld with nature, they develop into it.
Mr. Montet stated that when Ms. Denis was in search of areas to shoot within the desert, she was impressed by the motion of the grass and requested him to create what he calls the “grass dance.”
“It’s a way to show their vulnerability, their fragility in these killer bodies,” Mr. Montet stated. “They give their body to nature, to death, and they do it with full consciousness.”
There are duets, too, like when the troopers embrace and retreat — their chests smack exhausting but their eye contact and the fast squeeze, a millisecond, simply earlier than parting reveals one thing about their religion of their career and in one another. “In a hug, you can give all your being,” Mr. Montet stated. “To love is to surrender.”
However give up will not be part of a legionnaire’s mentality. The circling duet, this yet another predatory and ominous, is a face-off between Galoup and Gilles Sentain (Grégoire Colin), the younger legionnaire he’s each repelled by and interested in.
They begin standing aside on a cliff overlooking the ocean and finally take cautious steps, shifting clockwise because the hole shrinks between them; the huge shot switches to a close-up, first of Galoup, then of Sentain, who radiates innocence even in aggression. The shorter, stockier Galoup friends up at him, his lips grim and downturned.
Their relationship is informed by choreography, however as a substitute of utilizing their fists, this battle builds by rigidity. They by no means contact. What I didn’t discover the primary time I noticed the movie is that in his ultimate dance, Galoup — although alone and misplaced in his personal world — truly dances as if somebody had been standing earlier than him, and he reacts to each transfer of that phantom accomplice: Sentain.
There are reverberations from their duet, from the methodical opening steps to the circling sample. However within the solo, Galoup’s gaze, whereas intent, isn’t exhausting; his lips half, softening his mouth. He’s extra animal than human as he goes from being the watcher — which he’s been by a lot of the movie — to the watched.
How highly effective can a dance be? Galoup spent a lot of the film obsessing over another person, however his dance flips that story. Via his wild metamorphosis, he turns into an object of obsession — ours. It was simply the appropriate dance at simply the appropriate time.